Measuring Incumbency Advantage - US Congressional Elections

Unit II Paper:Measuring the Incumbency Advantage- All the instructions and Links are below As an institution, Congress isn’t rated very highly by Americans, yet the incumbency re-election rate is extraordinarily high.See the following:

For this Unit II paper, I want you to take a deeper dive into the Incumbency Advantage, exploring the concept and its elements, and do a little data mining to find evidence of it over time across three (3) states.
 Discuss the incumbency advantage.What is it, what are its components, and why is it so pervasive in US Congressional Elections?Incorporate the above articles, as well as the following: https://cusdi.org/faq/why-are-sitting-members-of-congress-almost-always-reelected/https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2013/05/09/people-hate-congress-but-most-incumbents-get-re-elected-what-gives/?utm_term=.b421134b1107

Go to www.opensecrets.org, which is the website for the Center for Responsive Politics, an organization that tracks campaign contributions.You are to look at the incumbency results for three (3) states:Texas, New Jersey and Georgia, over three (3) election years: 2014, 2016, 2018.Here’s how to collect the data: 

(1)Go to opensecrets.org

(2)Click on the menu icon (the four white bars in a dark blue field)

(3)Choose a state, and a year. I suggest doing one state at a time, for each of the three years.

(4)Click on the "+ Show Candidates."This will show the candidates for each district, and you will CLEARLY see who the incumbent was, and if s/he won or not.Count the number of districts for that year in which an incumbent ran (not ones where there was no incumbent, since that doesn't affect the advantage).

Count the # of incumbents that won.There's your incumbent success rate:IW/IR.Show your work and display the success percentages.
For each state, present the rate of incumbent success for House seats (e.g., the # of incumbent winners/incumbents running] for the 2012, 2014 and 2016 elections.

When you click on each district, you will see who the incumbent is.If no incumbent is listed, the seat was “open,” and should not be included in your calculations.Track the rate of incumbent success for each state over each of the four elections.Show your work!Did you find any contribution differences between the incumbents and challengers in the states?Provide examples and discuss. 

Your data should be presented in a spreadsheet or table, and be accompanied by a narrative explanation of you findings.
Remember the General Guidelines for Written Assignments:
All papers must be typewritten, with reasonable font sizes and margins (12pt maximum; 1-inch margins).

Unless otherwise stated, papers should be at least 3-5 pages in length, double-spaced, and submitted via e-Campus. Papers are required to include introductions and conclusions.Assume when writing that the reader has no prior information on your topic -- then you will explain and fulfill each prompt completely.Please see the grading rubric to ensure that you cover all of the specifics.

Assignments are due as listed in the course schedule, by 11:59 pm. Late papers will be accepted for half-credit. I highly recommend that you write your papers on a separate word processing program, and then upload to eCampus, rather than composing directly on eCampus. Technology has a way of causing problems when you least need them!Additionally, if eCampus is down when a paper is due, all you need to do is email the document to me (smanna@dcccd.edu).

Where necessary, others’ work must be appropriately cited.Plagiarism is unacceptable, and will result in a zero. How to submit via eCampus:

(1) Click on the Unit I: Foundations folder

(2)Click on the assignment hyperlink,

(3)see #2, "Assignment Submission," and choose Browse My Computer,

(4) select your file (be certain it is in .doc(x) or .pdf or .odt form --- Blackboard does not upload Pages)and hit SUBMIT. 
Some extra advice:The subject is the incumbency advantage in Congress, and the fact that incumbents win, though our general opinion of Congress is very poor.So why is that, and do the numbers actually support the idea of the incumbency advantage?

That's the point of this exercise:to understand and explain the incumbency advantage, and to do a data collection of three states over three to see if the numbers support or reject the incumbency advantage.
So, I advise you to first, do the chapter on Congress in CIAG (all papers are complements to the subjects for the week).Have a sense of the organization.Then read the assigned articles, and do the analysis of what the incumbency advantage is, what elements make up this advantage.Finally, go to opensecrets.org and do the data collection.

By submitting this paper, you agree: (1) that you are submitting your paper to be used and stored as part of the Safe Assign™ services in accordance with the Blackboard Privacy Policy; (2) that your institution may use your paper in accordance with your institution's policies; and (3) that your use of Safe Assign will be without recourse against Blackboard Inc. and its affiliates.

Comments from Customer When you are collecting your state data (Texas, NJ, Georgia) for the Congressional elections in 2014, 2016 and 2018, you may run into an issue, depending on what device you're using.
* If you're on a laptop/PC, the direction I provided are just fine.
*If you're using your phone, when you click on the menu, you must first choose Politicians and Elections, then you'll see the option for Congressional Elections.
* Carry on with the provided instructions.

Measuring Incumbency Advantage - US Congressional Elections

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