This assignment will focus on the fourth indicator of bad science in Compound Interest’s (2015) infographic, which is confusing “Correlation with Causation.”

Back to understanding the problem of confusing “Correlation with Causation”:

1. Watch AsapScience’s (2017) YouTube, “This ? That.”

2. Watch Khan Academy’s (2011) YouTube, “Correlation and Causality.”Make sure you understand what correlation means, what causation means, and why correlation cannot be used to prove causation.

1. Jot down at least six examples of correlation not proving causation from the videos you watched. One example is the correlation between the amount of ice cream purchased (during each month of the year) and the number of drowning deaths (during each month of the year) not proving that ice cream causes drowning.

2. Make sure you understand that two variables (e.g., ice cream purchases per month and drowning deaths per month) might both be caused by another variable (e.g., season of the year). That other variable is often called a confounding variable.

3. Make sure you understand that the correlation between two variables (e.g., pool drownings per year and Nicholas Cage films per year) might simply be due to coincidence.

4. Make sure you understand that rather than one variable (e.g., skipping breakfast) causing another variable (e.g., obesity), the causation might be reversed. Teach two separate people (family, friends, etc) why they should not confuse correlation with causation. You can teach each person via email, phone, text, Facebook, Skype, in person, or any other communication medium. But you must teach two separate people at two separate times why they should not confuse correlation with causation.

1. When you are teaching each person, provide examples of correlations that do not prove causation, using the examples you saw in the videos.

2. To make sure that each of the two people learned why correlation should not be interpreted as causation, ask each person to tell you another example (an example that you did not tell them) of correlation not proving causation. For this assignment you will write 250 words in which you

1. List the six examples you jotted down from the videos

2. describe how you taught the two persons that correlation cannot be interpreted

as causation;

3. state each of the two persons’ initials (e.g., MG) and their approximate age; and

4. report the examples each person told you of correlations that should not be

confused with causation.

Bad science in Compound Interest’s - Correlation with Causation

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