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Psychoanalytic Group Therapy and Psychodrama in Group Therapy

Psychoanalytic Group Therapy and Psychodrama in Group Therapy

††††††††††† Sigmund Freud is credited with the development of psychoanalytic psychotherapy.† It is a model based on the development of personality. The foundation of this approach is based on the development theory (Ulberg et al., 2016).†

Psychoanalytic psychotherapy explores the unconscious to determine how it affects current behaviors.† This technique allows individuals to gain a deeper understanding of themselves, their repressed ambitions, motivations, and contentions.

Itís helps patients develop increased insight into their behaviors and understanding of their symptoms (Verma, & Vijayakrishnan, 2018).† The components of the psychodynamic model include,Ē the unconscious, a developmental perspective, transference, countertransference, resistance, psychic determinism, and unique subjectivityĒ (Wheeler, 2014).† The purpose of this paper is to apply psychoanalytic psychotherapy in a group setting.

Group Setting and Participants

Group Leader: Raykha Crag-Chaderton

Participants: Samantha and Nicole

Group Type: Anger Management

Group Sessions: 8

Setting: Outpatient

Scenario

Samantha and Nicole are participating in an anger management group.  The video begins at session 4.

Group Leader: Facing the participants

Group Leader: Hi Samantha, hi Nicole

Group Leader: Your homework was to practice deep breathing for 5 minutes daily, how did it go?

Samantha: I did it for 5 days and was surprised that I felt calmer after doing it.  When I was upset it helped me to shift my focus from being angry, to my breathing. 

Nicole: I was able to do it for 4 days and like Samantha said I did feel calmer. 

Group Leader: Very good. In the last session we made some good progress discussing your anger. Being able to recognize where your anger comes from, will help you to gain insight on how it affects your current behaviors and emotions.

Group Leader: So today I thought we can explore where does your anger come from.

Group Leader: I want you to think about your earliest memory of conflict growing up? Who was involved and how did you react?

Samantha:  When I was growing up my mom and dad fought all the time.  I remembered being really scared and running under the bed to hide?

Group Leader: Samantha, can you tell me about a time that similar feeling came up recently? Or does that feeling come up now when youíre having an argument?

Samantha: When my husband and I had an argument recently, I was yelling at him just like my parents did when I was a child.

Group Leader: Thatís a good connection you just made Samantha I am going to let you process that for a moment.

Group Leader:  Nicole Based on the topic weíre discussing today.  Can you share with the group how you relate to the topic of anger?

Nicole: I had similar experiences growing up. I remembered being scared when my dad came home drunk because I knew my parents was going to have an argument.  I felt really scared.

Group Leader: That must have been very scary for both of you to see your parents argue.

Group Leader: Nicole you tell me about a more recent argument that you had with someone and how did you respond?

Nicole:  I had an argument with my husband because he didnít do the laundry like I asked him to.  He had to take our daughter to dance practice and he forgot.  I just screamed at him. I didnít consider that he went to pick-up our daughter.

Group Leader: And how did it make you feel? or how does that connect to when you were a child?

Group Leader: If you could come up with an updated set of rules based on how anger was handled in your family when you were growing up.  What would those rules look like?

Group Leader: Based on how you handle conflict now how would you handle differently?

Nicole: Take a time out before I respond, respond when I am calmer, or go for a walk.

Samantha: I could use some of those rules too.  They seem like it will help me as well. And I would like to add count up to 10 before I respond.

Group Leader:  Is there anything else that comes to mind that either of you would like to add to your list? Ok, then your homework for this week will be to practice using the one of the new rules youíve created and give yourself permission to give break free from your parentís way of managing conflict. 

Psychoanalytic Group Therapy and Psychodrama in Group Therapy

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