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Ethical Considerations You may Need to Take Into Account in your Advocacy Campaign

Review provisions 7, 8, and 9 of the ANA Code of Ethics in relation to advocacy for population health.
Reflect on the ethical considerations you may need to take into account in your advocacy campaign.
Research the ethical considerations and lobbying laws relevant to the location where your advocacy campaign will occur.
Consider potential ethical dilemmas you might face in your campaign.
Explain any ethical dilemmas that could arise during your advocacy campaign, and how you would resolve them.
Describe the ethics and lobbying laws that are applicable to your advocacy campaign.
Evaluate the special ethical challenges that are unique to the population you are addressing.
Provide a cohesive summary for your paper.

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Introduction

ANA codes of ethics provision 7, 8 and 9 require collaborating with other healthcare professionals and stakeholders in the promotion of health diplomacy and reducing disparities (VCU Medical Center. 2017). The malaria advocacy campaign will bring together community, politicians and the health care professionals in addressing the plight of affected communities in Africa.

[blur] While going on with the campaign, I will ensure that nursing values are articulated, professional integrity is maintained, and principles of social justice are integrated into the entire campaign. The malaria campaign will advocacy the nursing professional because it will be based on scholarly research and inquiry about the prevalence, demographics, susceptibility and the prevention of malaria in Africa (VCU Medical Center. 2017). The highest level of health care professionalism will be maintained to ensure that advocacy does not violate right, values, health or norms of the target community. [/blur]

Ethical Considerations That May Need To Be Taken Into Account

[blur] Malaria vaccinations have raised various ethical issues revolving around informed consent, research and testing, mandates and access disparities. The campaign needs to take into consideration that participants in the malaria vaccination in Africa will have to understand several concepts including the side effects of the vaccines and withdrawal from the program. [/blur]

[blur] The study will have to make sure that the participants in the study are fully aware of all the steps and the type of the vaccination that they will be given (Kilama, 2010). To ensure there is no transfusion-transmitted malaria, all persons in the target region have to be vaccinated. This will create an ethical issue where some of the people will not want to take the vaccine voluntarily. [/blur]

Ethics and Lobbying Laws Applicable To the Malaria Advocacy Campaign in Africa

[blur] Some political leaders in Africa are resistant to ‘western vaccinations”. This means that a lobbying has to be carried out to this group of leaders to get their endorsement. Lobbying in Africa is more complicated than in western countries because people live within particular society setting that have their norms and culture some of which forbid ‘western medicines”. [/blur]

[blur] The campaign has to do a high-level lobbying to the community elders to make sure they understand and accept their communities to be vaccinated (Kilama, 2010). On addition, the laws of most countries do not allow foreigners to intervene in the welfare of the people without involving the government agencies. As such, all the government agencies concerned have to be lobbied towards supporting the program. The campaign has to ensure that it has not violated international laws such as the law Bunning the use DDT due to its environmental effects (Moodley et al., 2013). [/blur]

Potential Ethical Dilemmas

[blur] Malaria campaign poses a complex ethical dilemma for the planners. This is concerning setting with the inadequate health care services in Africa that in many times becomes reliant on external agencies to supply the needed care and prevention measures. The ethical dilemmas will be inherent in many spheres of the malaria campaign including mitigating the malaria infection using the vaccinations. The vaccines cause malaria outbreak which might make the target population weak. The dilemma arises as to whether to tell the community about the effects of the vaccination which will reduce the number of people willing to take the vaccination, or just go on with the vaccination without giving the information. [/blur]

[blur] To mitigate this ethical dilemma the proposed malaria campaign will ensure that when the vaccinations that will cause the malaria outbreak are used, it will be deployed together with water, shelter, and food because malaria can spread quickly in areas highly infested with mosquitoes. On addition various factors will be taken into consideration before the program is rolled out including the potential burden of the diseases, the desirability of prevention method, vaccination-related risks. The duration of the protection offered, logistically feasibility and additional individual protection (Kilama, 2010). [/blur]

Conclusion

[blur] The international communities, as well as the national governments, have a collective duty of care of making sure that affordable measure for preventing such diseases as malaria. This prevention has to be carried out under the guidance of human rights and beneficence, non-maleficence, distributive justice, procedural justice, and informed consent. The malaria campaign will operate within the ANA nursing codes of ethics as well as other ethical consideration arising from the target communities and health care profession in general. [/blur]

[blur] In light of this, the campaign will seek to ensure that it operates within the laws set by various countries in Africa. On addition, the campaign will involve lobbying the African and USA legislatures to come with laws that will allow easy access to funding and allow equitable distribution of malaria vaccination. The campaign will also make sure that it operates within both local and international laws relating to health care campaigns. The campaign will make sure that the malaria vaccination awareness campaigns are carried out after obtaining the informed consent of the target community. [/blur]

References

Kilama, W. L. (2010). Health research ethics in malaria vector trials in Africa. Malaria journal, 9(3), S3.

Moodley, K., Hardie, K., Selgelid, M. J., Waldman, R. J., Strebel, P., Rees, H., & Durrheim, D. N. (2013). Ethical considerations for vaccination programmes in acute humanitarian emergencies. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 91(4), 290-297.

VCU Medical Center (2017). ANA Code of Ethics. Retrieved 20th January 2017 from http://www.vcuhealth.org/?id=1220&sid=13

Ethical Considerations You may Need to Take Into Account in your Advocacy Campaign

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